Patents

The State Library of Arizona is now Arizona’s only Patent and Trademark Resource Center!

A Patent and Trademark Resource Center (PTRC) is a library designated by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to receive and house copies of U.S. patents and patent and trademark materials, to make them freely available to the public, and to actively disseminate patent and trademark information.

Benefits of a Patent and Trademark Resource Center

The PTRC is a rich resource for small businesses, research and development firms, university and governmental laboratories, and independent inventors and entrepreneurs. Patents provide a unique body of scientific and technical literature that in addition to assessing the patent worthiness of an invention, can be used to identify expertise in a particular field, discover new technologies, or track a competitor’s innovations. Trademark information is an invaluable tool for a new or small business to define and protect its brand identity.

What Kinds of Patent and Trademark Materials will the PTRCs will provide access to?

Each PTRC will provide:

  • Utility, Design, Plant, and Reissue Patents
  • Reexamination Certificates
  • Statutory Invention Registrations (SIRs)
  • Post-issue patent status information
  • Access to the Official Gazette of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (both patent and trademark sections)
  • All USPTO search tools, indices and directories, including access at our library to the databases PubWest and PubEast.

For more information on using PubWest and PubEast, please call the library at (602) 926-3948.

Definition of a Patent
“A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor, issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.”
(from the US Patent and Trademark Office webpage What Are Patents, Trademarks, Servicemarks, and Copyrights?)

The Three Types of Patents:

  • Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof;”
  • “Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture; and”
  • Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant.”

(from the US Patent and Trademark Office webpage
General Information Concerning Patents)