Become a Dentist, Avoid Jury Duty!

Well, not anymore. It was true in 1913, though. Section 4766 of the 1913 Civil Code stated:

dentist 1913


The exemption did not apply to medical doctors or optometrists, who were also regulated by the 1913 Code. However, Section 4810 made pharmacists exempt from jury Dentist 1duty too.

Although the provisions regulating dentistry were amended multiple times, the jury duty exemption didn’t appear again. The legislative practice at the time seems to have been to repeal entire articles and adopt new language rather than amend existing laws. That’s what happened at Laws 1929, Chapter 11 (pp. 23-32 {81-90}) and again at Laws 1935, Chapter 24 (pp. 42-57 {102-117}).

The pharmacists still had their exemption in 1935 (Laws 1935, Chapter 25, §23 {p. 87 [147]}), in 1951 (Laws 1951, Chapter 73 {pp. 172-195 [220-243]}), and in the 1952 Supplement to the 1939 Code (Section 67-1524), but it disappeared when the Arizona Revised Statutes was compiled in 1956 and the provisions governing pharmacists were renumbered to appear where they do now, starting at A.R.S. §§32-1901. You can read the Session Laws and the Journals that record legislative action here.

dentist 2Dentists are now regulated by the Board of Dental Examiners. The statutes start at Arizona Revised Statutes §§32-1201. In addition, regulatory rules add details to the licensing procedure and include other professions related to dentistry.

As you can see from these old ads from the 1955-1956 Arizona Dental Journal, dentistry has changed a lot. You can see some of those changes by viewing the regulations from 1974 in our collection, the Substantive Policy Statements from the Arizona State Board of Dental Examiners, and the Procedural Reviews from the Arizona Office of the Auditor General.



Meet Rosa McKay: Champion of Women’s Rights & Minimum Wage

Rosa McKay.jpgBorn in Colorado in 1880/1881 and a resident of Arizona beginning in 1904, Mrs. McKay (as she was known to her colleagues and in legislative records of the time) served 3 terms as a member in the Arizona House of Representatives. In those years, the Legislature customarily met in alternating years, and McKay represented Cochise County in 1917 and Gila County in 1919 and 1923.

Rosa McKay is best known for securing the passage of a minimum wage act for women. She introduced it for the first time as a new legislator in 1917. House Bill 3 provided that women must be paid a weekly wage of at least $10. It was signed into law by Governor Thomas E Campbell on March 8, 1917.

The enactment of the legislation was celebrated with sandwiches. As noted in the Journal of the House, p. 542 (pp. 1165-1166 of PDF):


The law was published in the Session Laws as Laws 1917, Chapter 38 (pp. 51-52) but was challenged and struck down.

Rosa McKay was undeterred. She introduced it again in 1919, revising the minimum wage to $20 per week. H. B. 5 failed in the House. She tried again in 1923. House Bill 36, setting a wage of $16 per week, was adopted and published as Laws 1923, Chapter 3 (pp. 6-7). Violations were punishable by a fine of not less than $50 or imprisonment in the county jail for not less than 10 days. However, in April 1923, the United State Supreme Court ruled that minimum wage laws were unconstitutional. Nevertheless, Rosa McKay was fondly remembered in Arizona, credited for the minimum wage law and other measures championing social issues.

Rosa McKay ObituaryIn 1923 she was a candidate for Speaker of the House, but withdrew in favor of Dan Jones of Maricopa County “in the best interests of Democracy and the State of Arizona”. In addition, she served for 8 years on the Board of Visitors of Tempe Normal School (which later became Arizona State University), as a member of the Child Welfare Board, and as a delegate to the national convention in New York City. She was awarded an honorary membership of the Boy Scouts of America.

She died at age 53 in 1934. The state flag was lowered to half-staff in her honor.

Research tip: Societies and Organizations

Societies and organizations can provide a clue to city life for both sociological and biographical researchers. Membership in the Elks, Masons, International Order of Odd Fellows, Woodmen of the World and similar societies can help genealogists make sense of their ancestors’ after-hours activities.

In this case, the Arizona Weekly Journal-Miner published a report of a Chautauqua group meeting in Prescott.  Chautauqua meetings were part of a national system of adult education featuring lectures, musical performers, and religious preachers. It had both local chapters and a tent-show circuit. Prescott’s appears to be a local, or “daughter,”  chapter.

Chautauquans 7-25-1888
Arizona Weekly Journal Miner : July 25, 1885


On this day in 1871…

The State Library has been finalizing moving our collections this month—but this is nothing new! This item from the LOCAL MATTERS section of the June 24, 1871 Tucson Weekly Citizen notes books coming to the Territorial Library courtesy of Governor R.C. McCormick. Tucson was the territorial capitol from 1867 to 1877.

Territorial library blurb
Tucson Weekly Citizen  

Due to the shifting nature of Arizona’s capitol—it was in Prescott before,  and then Tucson from 1877 to 1889, until finally settling in Phoenix—there were no buildings in Tucson built for that purpose. Contemporary newspapers mention the library, but not its location. Territorial business took place in buildings on the southeast corner of Ochoa and Convent, so the library may have been there.


Lon Megargee and Public Works of Art

Lon Megargee’s 1934 work The Farmer was part of the Public Works of Art Project, a precursor to the WPA. The Arizona Capitol Museum has a large collection of Megargee’s paintings.

Lon Megargee
The Farmer 1934  

“Lon Megargee was born in Philadelphia in 1883. He changed the spelling of his last name to Megargee and the story of his past while he made his way westward into the Arizona Territory around 1896. Megargee was one of the first cowboy artists. He studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and later at the Los Angeles School of Art and Design.

Although he was successful as an artist, Megargee’s wild cowboy lifestyle usually led him to financial instability. His success in art was almost always countered with bankruptcy and pleas to friends and supporters for more money. He was described as an “incurable romantic,” and married at least seven times. Although personal problems would always plague him, Lon Megargee was always a successful painter throughout his life. He is well-known for creating iconic images such as the Stetson logo and A-1 beer posters, as well as his collection of paintings commissioned by the State of Arizona.” – Lon Megargee Paintings at the Arizona Capitol Museum. 

megargee 2

Home on the Range

You can learn more about Megargee and other artists of the New Deal, from ASU Art History Professor Betsy Fahlman. She will be speaking about the process of writing her book New Deal Art in Arizona at 3 p.m.,  July 6 at the Polly Rosenbaum History and Archives Building, 1901 West Madison.


On this day in 1903

6_10_1903 Bisbee Daily Review FLOOD AND STRIKE ZOMG
Bisbee Daily Review 6/10/1903

Fourteen years after the famous flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, and fourteen years before famous miners’ strike and deportation in Bisbee, both sorts of events combined in Clifton and Morenci. Even newspaper coverage had to devote two huge headlines to the troubles. The Bisbee Daily Review – using a wire story from the El Paso newspaper, as the wires were down in Clifton– reported “A Cloud burst sent a breast of water down Chase creek eight feet high, sweeping everything before it. It is known now that more than thirty people were drowned and property valued at $40,000 destroyed. Seven bodies had already been recovered.”

Yet immediately below that story, “Two Thousand Armed Strikers Parade the Streets of Morenci for One Hour In a Pouring Rain.”

The strike had begun about June 3 and did not end until almost a week after the storm, and ultimately required the presence of state and federal troops. Workers in Clifton and Morenci would strike again in 1915.


Cooking, Arizona style…

The State of Arizona Research Library’s Arizona Collection offers numerous paths into Arizona’s story, but like any journey, it’s probably best to plan a meal before you go.

The Collection can help with that, too!

Waiting in the stacks around 641.5, cookbooks focused on Arizona offer not just recipes but history too, putting us back where we started, though in a fashion far more flavorful.


People write cookbooks to make money or raise funds, and most of the ones in the collection are no different. Tastes & Treasures: A Storytelling Cookbook of Historic Arizonas proceeds support the Arizona Historical Museum at Papago Park.  Arizona — hot & cold : Arizona Extension Homemakers Council Cookbook is a comb-bound, fundraising cookbook by a publisher that printed such in the late 1970s. Al and Mildred Fischer’s Citrus Recipes: A Collection of Favorites from the Citrus Belt, published in 1980, boosts one of Arizona’s five Cs.

 Arizona Highways showcased food and history in 1988 with their Heritage Cookbook by Louise DeWald. The library has copies n the Arizona Collection and  in State Publications.

Further into history is Arizona Territorial Cookbook: The Food and Lifestyles of a Frontier by Melissa Ruffner Weiner, which note the sources come from early cookbooks, early newspapers, personal diaries, letters, and menus of the time.  Scholey Beans were served at Scholey and Stephans Saloon in Tombstone as part of the free lunch and “Feeds at least a dozen hungry men.”

cookbooks tumbleweeds

The Rough Rock Demonstration School’s Navajo Curriculum Center printed a cookbook in 1986 with recipe titles and food names in both English and Navajo. Of particular interests to locavores is the 21-page-section on “Edible Wild Plants And Their Preparation,” which includes tumbleweeds. “And tumbleweed greens are good to eat, but they must be picked and eaten when the first shoots are only 2 to 3 inches tall. If the plants are any larger, they will have developed spines.”

Politics stirs the pot both figuratively and literally here as well: The DeConcini Family Cookbook by Ora Webster DeConcini showcases recipes from 1882 to 1982, when her son Dennis was running for his second term in the U.S. Senate. The 53-page pamphlet was paid for by the Senator Dennis DeConcini Reelection Committee and looks like a small campaign pamphlet. It offers a brief autobiographical sketch of the author’s family, and family recipes, usually with a story attached.

The First National Solar Cook-off cookbook by Pat Wing harnessed solar power even back in 1981. The Cook-Off was held September 19 of that year, proclaimed “Solar Cooking Day” by Governor Bruce Babbitt, at Phoenix Civic Center Plaza.

Some of these cookbooks are available on our Reading Arizona platform.

If the collection has a second copy of a cookbook, it may be available via interlibrary loan at your local library.